mUs;kpF ntf;fhspak;kd; jpUf;Nfhapy; - rpwg;G :

ehad;khh;fshy; ghlg;ngw;w jpUj;jyq;fs; :

1. jpUthidf;Nfhapy;

2. jhAkhdRthkp cr;rpg;gps;isahh; Nfhapy;

3. ca;anfhz;lhd; jpUkiy.

4. jpUvWk;gpa+h;.

5. jpUneLq;fsk;

6. jpUthrp

7. mUzfpehjh; ghly; ngw;w jpUj;jyk; taY}h;

8. jpUg;igQ;ryp


,izf;Nfhapy;fs; :


• mUs;kpF fhusk;kd; jpUf;Nfhapy; - FlKUl;b Mw;wpd; fiuapYs;s goikahd jpUf;Nfhapy;fshFk;..

• mUs;kpF Mw;Wg; gps;isahh; jpUf;Nfhapy; -,uz;Lk; FlKUl;b Mw;wpd; fiuapYs;s goikahd jpUf;Nfhapy;fshFk;..

• mUs;kpF fhrp tpRteh Rthkp jpUf;Nfhapy;-ghz;lkq;fsk;mf;ufhuj;jpd; tlf;F Nfhbapy; cs;sJ..

• mUs;kpF ,yl;Rkp ehuhazg;ngUkhs; jpUf;Nfhapy; - ghz;lkq;fsk; mf;ufhuj;jpd; njw;Nf Nfhbapy; mike;Js;sJ..


gpuhHj;jidj; jyq;fs; :


1. rkaGuk;

2. FzrPyk;


◊ vt;tsTjhd; tha;g;Gfs; te;jhYk; trjpfs; te;jhYk; kdpj clyhy; xU mstpw;F Nky; mtw;iw mDgtpf;f KbahJ. cly; vLj;jJ Mz;ltd; jpUtbfis mile;J kPz;Lk; cly; vLf;fhky; ,Ug;gjw;F kdk; epiwTld; ,Ue;jhy; jhd; kdpjd; epk;kjpAld; thO KbAk;. ,jw;Fs;s top rf;jp Cw;Wfshf cs;s Myaq;fSf;Fr; nrd;W topghL nra;tNj ,ijj;jhd; “Myak; njhOtJ rhyKk; ed;W” vd;W nghpNahh;fs; $wpr;nrd;Ws;sdh..


ciwA+iur;Rw;wpYk; cs;s Kf;fpa jpUf;Nfhapy;fs; gpw jpUf;Nfhapy;fs; :


Mopthh;fshy; kq;fshrdk; nra;ag;gl;l jpUj;jyq;fs; :


1. jpUtuq;fk;.

2. cj;jkh; Nfhapy;

3. jpUnts;siw

4. md;gpy;

5. 108 jpUg;gjpfspy; xd;W Nfhop vd;W jpUkq;if Mo;thuhy; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;sJkhd fkyty;yp ehr;rpahH jpUf;Nfhapy;.

6. ehad;khh;fshy; ghlg; ngw;w mUs;kpF fhe;jpkjp clDiw ma;tz;zehjh; jpUf;Nfhapy;

7. jhd; Njhd;wPRtuh; jpUf;Nfhapy;

8. nry;yhz;bak;kd; jpUf;Nfhapy;.